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第九章  方位的表白款式格式



1. We traveled overnight to Paris and arrived 5 o’clock the morning.


A. on; in   

B. at; in   

C. at; on  

D. in; on


2. Jack has studied Chinese in this school the year of 2000.


A. since   

B. in   

C. on  

D. by


3. Hong Kong is the south of China, and Macao is the west of Hong Kong.


A. in; to   

B. to; to  

C. to; in  

D. in; in


4. Japan lies the east of China.


A. to  

B. in  

C. about  

D. at


5. I won’t believe that the five-year-old boy can read five thousand words I have tested him myself.


A. after   

B. when   

C. if  

D. until


6. The book was so interesting that he had read it for three hours he realized it.


A. when   

B. until   

C. after  

D. before



第一节  交通对象及 “划定例矩”




1、by 后跟"光棍"名词,即名词没有减任何润饰。

如:by bike/bus/car/train/ship/boat

如:She is going to the Great Wall (长乡) by car/ bus.


2、by ship 可用by sea透露表现;by plane 能够用by air 透露表现。如:


a. How long does it take by ship/sea?  

b. They often come back by plane/air.


(二)in/on条款:步行、骑车、乘车、乘船、乘飞机可以使用介词 in/on。

1.步止只能用on foot。(留神:步行不必by foot)  如:Sometimes I go to school on foot.


2. 骑自行车须用介词 on :

on a/ one"s bike。


3. 搭车、搭船、乘飞机可用in也可用on:

in/ on a bus/train/ship/boat/plane。


4. 乘坐小汽车答使用 in a car,不用 on a car。



1. "by +名词"短语,多可以用in/on 短语替代去透露表现"骑、乘"之意。如:

a. His father goes to work by bike.  

→His father goes to work on a bike.


b. They go to the railway station (水车站) by car. 

 →They go to the railway station in a car.


2. by sea,by air 是一种比拟随意的书面语构造,故不宜用in 短语和on短语禁止改写。即:

by sea 不行用in/on the sea 替换;

by air弗成用 in/on the air 调换。



以上出行运动皆可以抉择性地用动词walk, ride, take, drive 来透露表现。

1. 步行用walk (to)。

如:She walks home every day.


2. 骑车用ride a bike。

如:Can you ride a bike to go there?


3. 搭车用 take a bus/train。

如:I will take a bus/train to go to Beijing.


4. 乘飞机用 fly (to ) 或 take a plane。

如:We are flying to England next week.


5. 乘(驾)小汽车用 drive a car。

如:They will drive a car to go to the USA.



  动词划定规矩不能与介词划定规矩相联合使用,特别是动词walk, fly 。如:

She walks home on foot every day. (×)

a. She goes home on foot every day. (√)

b. She walks home every day. (√)


He will soon fly to London by plane/air. (×)

a. He will soon fly to London. (√)

b. He will soon go to London by plane/air(√)



第发布节   英语中方位的抒发体式格局


一、in, to, on和off在方位名词前的区别

1. in透露表现A地在B地范畴以内。

如:Taiwan is in the southeast of China.


2. to透露表现A地在B地规模除外,即两者之间有距离距离。

如:Japan lies to the east of China.


3. on透露表现A地与B地交界、毗连。

如:North Korea is on the east of China.


4. off透露表现“离……一些距离或离……不远的海上”。

如:New Zealand lies off the eastern coast of Australia.


二、 汉语里“东北西北”的前后次序到英语里便酿成了north,south,east,west;并由此有了以下中、英文表达上的差别。 







The Ming tombs are located about 50 km to the northwest of Beijing.




Tiajin is situated l20 km southeast of Beijing.


3、 near, by, beside, at透露表现“在……邻近”时的差别

1. near透露表现相对的远,实践距离可能借很近。

如: Suzhou is near Shanghai.


2. by和beside皆透露表现凑近,现实间隔不成能最远,但beside比by更详细天透露表现出“在……旁边”的意思。

如:He was sitting beside her.


3. at也有“正在中间”的意义,当心多流露表现有目标的行动所处的位置,而by跟beside仅泄漏表示地位关联。

如:The students are sitting at the desks listening to the teacher.


4、at, in和on透露表现地点时的区别


(1)用于指较小的地方。如: I shall wait for you at the station.


(2)用于门商标码前。如: He lives at 115 Zhongshan Road.




如: He lives in Shanghai.



I met him at the post-office.   

I’m now working in the post-office.



The picture was hanging on the wall.   

New York is on the Hudson River.


5、above, over, on, up透露表现“在……上”之间的区别

1、 above指“……上方”,透露表现相对付下量,未必在正上方,其反义词为below。  

如:We’re flying above the clouds.



如: The bridge is over the river.



如:There is a map on the wall. T

he earth felt soft beneath our feet.



如: Please hang the picture up.



参考谜底:1-6 BAAADD